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The struggle to gain access to justice requires access to procedural justice, whereby interested parties can effectively participate in the legal processes needed for their pursuit of substantive justice. The justice system’s complexity and cost have effectively rendered the legal system inaccessible to a large portion of U.S. citizenry. A variety of measures have been instituted to increase access to justice, such as government financing of attorney representation, legal aid, pro bono legal assistance, class actions, alternative dispute resolution processes, etc. This paper provides an introduction to some of the issues surrounding the implementation of these measures, with most state-based examples drawn from the situation in Massachusetts.



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