Date of Completion


Document Type

Open Access Capstone

Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)

First Advisor

Carol Ann Sharicz


This project explores the best practices for providing effective, motivational instruction for practitioners of alternative spirituality in the topic of spiritual activism. Alternative spirituality is defined as Neo-paganism, Neo-shamanism, Earth-Based Spirituality, New Ageism, Energy Workers, and their many subgroups which are too many to be listed here. Research is focused on what factors motivate activists, create longevity in activism, and what supports activist longevity. Comparisons as to longevity strategies between traditional and spiritual activists are also made. Through a survey taken by Littlelight Ceremonies’ membership and other research, it is discovered that the alternative spirituality demographic is highly individualistic, highly concerned about the state of world affairs, yet mostly self-defined as apolitical. This reflects a deep cognitive dissonance, leading to the conclusion that Transformative Learning Theory, informed by Constructivist Theory, is most applicable for this demographic. Instructional Design has been developed and is provided here.