Document Type

Research Report

Publication Date



In 2005, the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) awarded the VR Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (RRTC) to the Institute for Community Inclusion (ICI) at the University of Massachusetts Boston and its partners, InfoUse in Berkeley, California and the Center for the Advancement and Study of Disability Policy. In 2010, NIDRR provided supplemental funds to the ICI so that the VR-RRTC could include a focus on the provision of supported employment (SE) services. This SE research would focus on vocational rehabilitation (VR)agency partnerships with other state entities, and sources and models for long-term funding (extended services). The design called for embedding supported employment questions in ongoing surveys of multiple state agencies and case studies of SE coordination and funding models in several states to illuminate issues identified through these surveys.

Accordingly, the ICI included an SE module into ongoing surveys of four state agencies known to deliver public employment services to people with disabilities. These surveys and the response rates achieved for each included: a) the state VR agency (89 percent); b) the state intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) agency (82 percent); c) the state mental health (MH)agency (55 percent); and d) the state welfare agency (47 percent).1 The SE supplement also included additional analysis of data obtained from an ongoing survey of community rehabilitation programs (CRPs) relevant to supported employment (37 percent response rate).

The ICI then conducted case studies of SE partnerships in five states. These case studies were designed to help us better understand the range of practices that VR systems might use to ensure more successful transitions to long-term support through other resources. This report presents the findings from the SE supplement, the central focus of which was to identify the role and impact of VR agencies within the larger SE delivery system. The remainder of this executive summary highlights the findings in three areas the supplement was designed to address: providers of SE services, SE partnerships, and SE funding.



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