Document Type


Publication Date

January 2019


In 2014, the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) mandated significant changes to the workforce development and vocational rehabilitation (VR) systems. One of these changes was a requirement that state vocational rehabilitation agencies set aside at least 15% of theirfederal funds to provide pre-employment transition services (Pre-ETS) to students with disabilities who are eligible or potentially eligible for VR services. Early evidence indicates that state VR agencies are providing these services through a mix of direct service provision by VR staff, contracts with community rehabilitation providers, and contracts with other entities such as high schools, community colleges, teachers, and social workers (Miller, Sevak, & Honeycutt, 2017).

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