Document Type


Publication Date

January 2019


Significant changes were made to the state vocational rehabilitation (VR) agency services program with passage of the 2014 Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA). These changes, which include specific resources to help individuals with disabilities find, obtain, and maintain meaningful competitive integrated employment, may lead to more optimal employment outcomes for youth and young adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), who are often faced with under- or unemployment in adulthood (Siperstein, Parker & Drascher, 2013). WIOA also increased the emphasis on the area of postsecondary education, possibly due to some of the recent advancements around inclusive higher education in the US (Grigal, Papay, Smith, Hart, & Verbeck (2019). Thus, more partnerships between state VR agencies and institutions of highereducation (IHEs) are being cultivated and evolving (Grigal & Smith, 2016).