Pre-employment transition services for students with intellectual disabilities

Alberto Migliore, University of Massachusetts Boston
John Butterworth, University of Massachusetts Boston


This publication uses data from the Rehabilitation Services Administration to show that of the 45,110 people with ID who exited the VR program in 2019, a total of 8,809 (18%) were students who applied for Pre-ETS. Of these, 1,712 (21%) received Pre-ETS and of those who received Pre-ETS, 744 (43%) gained employment.