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A discussion paper prepared as part of a focus group on the topic of Federal Consistency in New Jersey.

In 1972, the U. S. Congress passed the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA), designed to “preserve, protect, develop, and where possible, to restore and enhance the resources of the nation's coastal zone.” The CZMA encouraged coastal states to develop and implement comprehensive management programs that balance the need for coastal resource protection with the need for economic growth and development within the coastal zone.

In the latter portion of the 1970s New Jersey developed a coastal management plan that was fully approved by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in 1980. The plan defined specific boundaries for the state’s coastal zone and established enforceable policies that ensured that the state plan had a statutory and regulatory basis. These enforceable policies are the state’s Coastal Zone Management Rules (N.J.A.C. 7:7E et seq.).

The CZMA empowered states with approved plans to review federal actions that have a reasonably foreseeable effect on any land or water use or natural resources of the state’s coastal zone in order to ensure that such activities are consistent to the maximum extent practicable with those plans.


Prepared by the Urban Harbors Institute at the University of Massachusetts Boston under a contract with the New Jersey Coastal Management Program.



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