Date of Award


Document Type

Campus Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Historical Archaeology

First Advisor

Stephen Silliman

Second Advisor

Douglas Bolender

Third Advisor

Sarah Cowie


Stewart Indian School, located in Carson City, Nevada, was established in 1890 by the Bureau of Indian Affairs with the goal of stripping surrounding Washoe, Paiute, and Western Shoshone children of their tribal identity through the imposition of Euroamerican academic education and vocational training. Contrary to the administrative goals of cultural erasure associated with the school’s early years, the Stewart campus exists today as a site of Indigenous heritage. This project aims to untangle Stewart’s complex and paradoxical history through spatial and phenomenological analyses of architecture, landscape, documents, photographs and archaeological materials. Examinations of qualitative and quantitative data suggest that colonial control and Native resistance simultaneously manifested in the temporal, material, and lived dimensions of student experience.


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