Date of Award


Document Type

Campus Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Conevery Bolton Valencius

Second Advisor

Joshua Reid

Third Advisor

Jonathan Chu


Run Aground examines the fusion of technology and environment in southeastern Massachusetts between 1637 and 1711. Focusing primarily on interactions between Pokanokets and English colonists in and around aquatic spaces in Taunton and Middleboro, this study explores the meshing of Ninnimissinuok and English ways of knowing and using rivers, swamps, freshwater, and maritime spaces. Significantly, the English colonial economy, governmental decisions, and appropriated technologies illustrate the constant and mutually inclusive exchange of resources and energy between humans and riverine environments. A permeable connection between aquatic and terrestrial spaces in the Plymouth Colony facilitated a variety of cross-cultural exchanges, which complicate the English-Ninnimissinuok binary, showing that both groups frequently interacted and through these interactions changed.


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