Brazilians have a significant and growing presence in the United States. In 2021, when the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs estimated that 4,215,800 Brazilians were living abroad, it calculated that 42% of them were living in the U.S. Portugal (7%) was distant second, followed by Paraguay (6%), United Kingdom (5%), Japan (5%), Italy (4%), Spain (4%), Germany (3%), Canada (3%), France (2%), and a host of other countries.
It is well documented that the U.S. Census undercounts low-income populations and immigrants, particularly the undocumented. However, within this limitation, the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) produces a sampling that enables an approximate demographic and economic profile of particular segments of the population. This report covers Brazilians both in the U.S. overall and in Massachusetts.
Borges, Michelle; Granberry, Phillip; Lima, Alvaro; and Martins, Victor Luis, "Brazilians in the U.S. and Massachusetts: A Demographic and Economic Profile" (2023). Gastón Institute Publications. 309.