Document Type

Research Report

Publication Date



This literature review complements numerous studies conducted by the Gastón Institute in the last twenty years showing the significance of cultural differences for the educational outcomes of Latino and other cultural- and linguistical-minority children. The Gastón Institute and Sociedad Latina partnered to produce this review with the goal of deepening the understanding of policy makers and administrators of the benefits of culturally proficient schools for all students.

The author, Cady Landa, presents a wealth of information on the characteristics of cultural proficiency and the qualities that it calls for in teachers, students, and administrators. She has drawn from dozens of studies in highlighting the state of current scholarly knowledge of cultural proficiency in schools. A lengthy annotated bibliography describes in detail the studies on which the main body of the review is based.


Support for this project was provided by The Barr Foundation.



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