Date of Award


Document Type

Campus Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Global Governance and Human Security

First Advisor

Maria Ivanova

Second Advisor

Margaret P. Karns

Third Advisor

Nada M. Ali, Bertrand G. Ramcharan


Compliance with international law has long been a key concern in global governance, with monitoring mechanisms of various types being among the approaches used to encourage states to comply with international agreements. In line with this, the United Nations established the Universal Periodic Review (UPR), a human rights monitoring mechanism that applies to all UN member states in 2006. Employing a mixed-methods approach and relying on a theoretical framework grounded in international relations and international law, this study examines the implementation of UPR recommendations addressing violence against women and women’s right to education in Sub-Saharan Africa and the impact of the implementation of these recommendations on women’s rights outcomes. Findings show that the UPR has a strong potential of safeguarding and advancing women’s rights because states have implemented the majority of the recommendations and these efforts have in some cases resulted in improved women’s rights outcomes. They also offer lessons concerning how compliance and implementation could be effectively addressed in global governance; the UPR process; and efforts to advance women’s rights and human rights more broadly.


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