Date of Award
Campus Access Dissertation
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Laura A. Hayden
Dharma E. Cortes
Chronic pain is a common health problem in the United States, and it is associated with numerous physical and mental health issues. Disparities in pain treatment are high for particular populations, including Latinos who comprise a significant percent of the U.S. population. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an online health education intervention for Latinas with chronic pain. The intervention was developed in Spanish based on a biopsychosocial approach to treatment and targeted multiple critical domains including exercise, psychological wellbeing, regaining function, emotional wellbeing, sleep hygiene, and stress management. Through a mixed-method, single-arm design, this pilot study examined patients’ and providers’ acceptability of and satisfaction with the intervention, as well as the impact of the intervention on patients’ knowledge, chronic pain self-efficacy, pain severity, and pain interference (measured pre and post intervention). Both chronic pain patient (n=40) and provider participants (n=10) reported high rates of participation, and high ratings for website features and website content. Patient participants also experienced a significant increase in knowledge regarding pain management and treatment options, and in chronic pain self-efficacy, as well as a significant decrease in pain interference. Although means for pain severity were lower at the post-test session, this change was not significant. Overall, results indicate that an online educational intervention that targets Spanish-speaking Latinas with chronic pain is feasible, potentially impactful, and that there is a need for such interventions. Recommendations include additional content and interactive features that could improve satisfaction, engagement, and impact.
Pagan-Ortiz, Marta E., "Feasibility of a Multi-Domain Online Health Intervention for Latinas with Chronic Pain" (2020). Graduate Doctoral Dissertations. 499.
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