Date of Award


Document Type

Campus Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Global Governance and Human Security

First Advisor

Timothy M. Shaw

Second Advisor

B. Jane L. Parpart

Third Advisor

Adugna Lemi


This case study of the gold mining industry in Mali focuses particular attention on the human security impacts created by the global governance initiative, the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), on local village communities. Across Sub-Saharan Africa 26 countries have adopted the EITI and while each has unique contextual factors, the EITI structures and objectives remain constant. This poses questions, Is the EITI an effective policy innovation? Does it attain its stated goals for sustainable development? This multidisciplinary analysis engages discourses in development studies and global environmental policy (GEP) as it examines the institutional structures and implementation of the Mali EITI (MEITI). The MEITI is a multi-stakeholder group that animates formal and informal institutions as they implement the 2016 EITI Standard. These practices are examined using the Institutional Analysis Development Framework (IAD). Secondly, policy and norm diffusion frameworks are applied to further examine stakeholder motivations and the degree of policy diffusion observed. Policy diffusion analysis shows the top-down national government dynamics in relation to local level dynamics. The analysis concludes that local traditional models of democratic governance compliment existing international norms. This model holds the potential to develop into a bottom-up diffusion of grassroots governance that influences national decision-making processes. Linkages exist between local traditional governance structures, the national EITI, and potentially the Africa Mining Vision (AMV). The EITI is a catalyst for change which can be improved by linking the EITI and AMV implementation. Evidence has been presented that demonstrates where the EITI is making some institutional progress and where its limitations allow constraints on socio-economic development outcomes.


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