Date of Award
Campus Access Dissertation
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Exercise and Health Science
Jessica A. Whiteley
Philimon Nyakauru Gona
Laura L. Hayman
Resistance training (RT) leads to acute improvements in psychological, physiological and psychosocial variables, though college-age females have low prevalence and perceived barriers to RT. The purpose of the current study is to compare the effects of acute bouts of a functional (FRT) and traditional (TRT) RT session on affective response, psychosocial and physiological measures. University females (N=34, mean age=27±4.5 years) not meeting RT guidelines completed four sessions (two of each type) in a randomized crossover design. Session one familiarized participants to the RT exercises. Session two consisted of two sets of 10 repetitions at a moderate intensity. Measurements included affect and state anxiety (SA) pre-, post- and post-15, psychosocial measures post-0 while ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and heart rate (HR) were measured throughout.
Changes scores in SA pre- to post-15 were significantly greater (p=0.028) in FRT compared to TRT. Pre to post-15 changes in affect were positive and greater in FRT (d=0.79) compared to TRT (d=0.53), and greater in decreases in SA (FRT, d=-0.58; TRT, d=-0.37). Between condition results indicate enjoyment levels were significantly greater following FRT compared to TRT (p=0.02). Average session RPE did not differ significantly between conditions (FRT 6±1.2; TRT 6.3±1.1; p=0.11), while % of age predicted max heart rate (FRT 68.71±7.57; TRT 57.12±8.38) was significantly different (p
Findings suggest FRT may lead to acute positive mental health outcomes, high levels of enjoyment and increased energy expenditure in university females and women with high SPA. Future studies are needed to determine if positive acute affective responses from FRT lead to increased maintenance and adherence, possibly increasing the percentage of college-females meeting ACSM RT and possibly MVPA guidelines as well.
Faro, Jamie M., "Examining the Effects of Two Types of Acute Resistance Training Sessions on Affective Responses and Psychosocial Outcomes in College-Age Females" (2018). Graduate Doctoral Dissertations. 414.