This report summarizes the results of a 1993 survey by UMass Boston, and of previous archaeological fieldwork on Thompson Island, Boston, MA, including background research, documentary research, walkover reconnaissance, and subsurface testing with shovel test pits and 1 meter square excavation units. Despite the fact that many parts of the island have not yet been surveyed, twenty prehistoric sites are now known, an unusually high density for the Boston Harbor Islands. Components range in age from Late Archaic through Late Woodland, with Middle Woodland especially well represented. Several large habitation sites with shell middens are known, in addition to numerous small special purpose camps of various types. The report includes recommendations for protecting the sites from further erosion and from damage by human activities.
Luedtke, Barbara E., "The Archaeology of Thompson Island" (1996). Anthropology Faculty Publication Series. 14.