This paper argues that, contrary to widespread opinion, the poetry of first generation, postcolonial, modernist Nigerian poet, Michael J. C. Echeruo, draws some of its core and defining tropes from indigenous African system of thought and symbolism. The much maligned early poem "Sophia" is subjected to line-by-line close-reading to illustrate this argument. The analysis suggests that, as a matter of fact, "Sophia" can be read as a portal to Echeruo's poetic corpus as a whole.
Azuonye, Chukwuma, "The African Roots of Michael Echeruo’s Poetry: A Close-Reading of ‘Sophia’" (2010). Africana Studies Faculty Publication Series. 9.