‘Up These Hills to the Mountain Top’: Memories of 'The Golden Sun' in Michael Echeruo's War Poems (Distanced)

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One of the leading voices among the first generation of post-independence African modernist poets of the twentieth-century, Michael J. C. Echeruo's second collection of poetry, Distanced (1975), is, unlike his better-known first collection, Mortality (1968), characterized by direct phrasing and open accessibility—in terms of imagery and other signifiers—to the general reader. Composed within the first four years (1970-74) after the end of the Biafran war of independence of 1967-1970, the nineteen lyrics that make up this collection look back with extraordinary candor and passion into the future of the Biafran experience, especially with regard to the problems of reintegration into post-war Nigeria


Paper presented at the 9th Annual Conference of the Igbo Studies Association on the theme, “Nkeiruka: Shaping The Future Of The Igbo Nation,” at Howard University, Washington, DC, April 8–9, 2011.



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