Wars are often marked by technological advances and while the front line in the confrontation in the Russia-Ukraine War is between the two countries concerned, many other countries are also involved in bringing a range of weapons to bear. Some, such as drones and satellite communications, are not entirely new, but are playing a greater role than before. They are also being combined with more definitively new technologies such as artificial intelligence. However, the older ways of warfare are still center stage. Not only has there been a return of war in Europe between major powers, but even the trench and tank warfare that some had thought were consigned to military history have returned with brutal consequences. The faltering of the post-war international structures that had given stability and a foundation for international law, has also undermined confidence in the peacebuilding processes based on them and so the author proposes a new set of foundational principles.



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