Samira Kawash deals with the importance of the translation of the effects of a mass attack on the ego into psychological terms, in Fanon's study of a patient who believed he was stalked by a vampire. I use these observations to examine apparitions in Michelle Cliff's Free Enterprise, Jamaica Kincaid's Autobiography of My Mother and Ama Ata Aidoo's Our Sister Killjoy, and argue that appearances in these works of creatures that have meanings similar to that of zombis (in that they represent the practice of appropriating the bodies for the use of others) show a comparative mass attack on the ego in physical terms.



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