The debate on the "tribe" (and "tribalism") tends to be narrowly defined around the colonial and anthropological origins of the concept and/or in relation to the (derived) usage of these terms by Africans. In this article, the "tribe" is seen as an ideological construct of capitalist hierarchy and Eurocentric worldview as a whole, an instance of the dominant paradigm of social science, within which it has played a specific role.
Ngaruka, Kavazeua Festus
"Historical Distortion and Human Degradation: The “Tribe” as a Eurocentric Mentality than African Reality,"
Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge: Vol. 5
, Article 14.
Available at: https://scholarworks.umb.edu/humanarchitecture/vol5/iss3/14