This study focuses on the inventive ways in which second generation Korean Americans are carving out new institutional niches to accommodate the intersection of race, generation, and ethnicity in the context of their Christian faith. Situated on the margins of multiple cultures, second generation Korean Americans are engaged in a struggle to articulate a hybrid spirituality by appropriating elements of Confucianism, Korean Christianity, and various expressions of American Evangelicalism. Second generation Korean Americans, by forming their own ethno-religious institutions, are saying that they can be fully "American" without having to denounce their ethnic identity and difference. They are asserting that the definition of "American" identity is not fixed but is rather fluid and has the capacity to be redefined and reshaped by minority groups. By neither assimilating into mainstream churches nor remaining in the ethnic churches of their immigrant parents, second generation Korean Americans, through establishing their own independent religious institutions, are communicating the fact that in today's American society, there are third territories, or hybrid borderlands, to inhabit.



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