In clarifying the meanings of the notion in use, and in comparing Spivak's and Gramsci's use of the term, I wish to frame an expanded space within which a "subaltern master narrative" --that is, a broad intellectual perspective encompassing a theoretical grasp of the subaltern's social and historical context as it bears on the possibility of action-can be, and actually has been, constructed. I conclude that Gloria Anzaldúa's transculturated master narrative in its method of construction, in its substantive hybridization and fusion of European and indigenous cultural elements, in its representation of the lives and dilemmas of oppressed people--women, Mexican Americans, blacks, gays and lesbians--and in its valorization of the acts of reflexive sympathetic introspection and of representation, and, in turn, by its connection with social action, truly fulfills Gramsci's criterion of the construction of a new hegemony and the transformation of the subaltern as well as the standard of authenticity implied in Spivak's answer to her question. Yes, the subaltern can and does speak!



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.