Document Type

Occasional Paper

Publication Date

Winter 2-4-2019


Competitive Integrated Employment, Organizational Transformation, employment, IDD, Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, #90RT5019, #90RT5028, ThinkWork


Disability Studies | Health Policy | Rehabilitation and Therapy | Sociology


Competitive integrated employment is defined within the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA, 2014) as full-time or part-time work at minimum wage or higher, with wages and benefits similar to those without disabilities performing the same work, and fully integrated with coworkers without disabilities. The Act requires that states ensure employment is offered as a priority outcome for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). As a result, providers who offer employment support to people with IDD have been working to phase out sheltered workshops and transform to offer competitive integrated employment.


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