We apply the “effective mode volume” theory to evaluate enhancement of the electroluminescence efficiency of semiconductor emitters placed in the vicinity of isolated metal nanoparticles and their arrays. Using the example of an InGaN/GaN quantum-well active region positioned in close proximity to Ag nanospheres, we show that while the enhancement due to isolated metal nanoparticles is large, only modest enhancement can be obtained with ordered array of those particles. We further conclude that random assembly of isolated particles holds an advantage over the ordered arrays for light emitting devices of finite area.
Khurgin, Jacob B.; Sun, Greg; and Soref, R. A., "Electroluminescence efficiency enhancement using metal nanoparticles" (2008). Physics Faculty Publications. 18.
American Institute of Physics
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