Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Historical Archaeology

First Advisor

Stephen W. Silliman

Second Advisor

Nedra K. Lee

Third Advisor

Shirley S. Tang


Chinese Diaspora archaeology has focused historically on urban contexts or in-depth case studies, with minimal comparative studies. To expand such research, this thesis is a multisited analysis in Oregon using archaeological assemblages from the Jacksonville Chinese Quarter and four remote Chinese mining camps, museum material collection from a Chinese store in John Day, and store ledgers written in Chinese and English dating to the late-19th century. By situating the research in the framework of race, this thesis seeks to understand the ways that race and racialization impacted market access and affected consumption choices for Chinese immigrants in different classes. Chinese communities had well established organizations in a complex network which contributed to controlling market access as well as serving to protect Chinese immigrants from impacts of racialization. These networks helped Chinese immigrants maintain a connection not only to other Chinese communities, but also to the homeland through various services including transfer of goods and people.