Peabody is a town of 54,481 residents, of whom 5,414, or 9.9%, identify as Latino or Hispanic, according to the 2020 Decennial Census. Statewide, Latino residents constitute 12.6% of the total population. In Peabody, more than three-fourths of the residents (77.3%) are White with Latinos making up the second largest group. Blacks (3.3%) and Asians (2.4%) trail, while the “other” populations make up 7.0% of the population. This last figure includes the 1,662 foreign-born Brazilians who live in Peabody, as the Census classifies Brazilians in the “other” category.
Between the 2010 and 2020 Decennial Censuses, Peabody experienced 6.3% population growth, slightly lower than the state’s overall 7.4% growth. The Latino population, however, increased by more than 68.6% in Peabody, higher than Latinos’ statewide rate of 41.4%. The Black population in Peabody grew at an even faster rate, 83.0%, and the Asian population increased by 40.7%. As in many other cities and towns, the White population declined by 6.2%.
The remainder of this profile uses 2017–2021 American Community Survey data in order to analyze the demographic and economic characteristics presented in this profile.
Peabody has a similar share of its population foreign-born (16.2%) as the Commonwealth as a whole (17.3%). This is also the case among Latinos. In Peabody, 35.6% of the Latino population is foreign-born, similar to the 32.1% Latino statewide share. (Note that the “foreign-born” category does not include Puerto Ricans, who are US citizens whether born in Puerto Rico or the mainland.)
The Latino population in Peabody is a mix of Latinos from different origins. Dominicans are the largest single group in Peabody, and Puerto Ricans are the second largest, followed by Salvadorans, Peruvians, and Colombians. Statewide, the five largest Latino populations in Massachusetts in order of size are Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, Salvadorans, Guatemalans, and Mexicans.
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Granberry, Phillip; Martins, Victor Luis; and Borges, Michelle, "Latinos in Massachusetts Selected Areas: Peabody" (2023). Gastón Institute Publications. 301.