This report provides a descriptive snapshot of selected social, demographic, educational, and economic outcomes of the Latino population in Massachusetts from 1980-2019. It analyzes the Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) data from the 1980, 1990, and 2000 Decennial Censuses and the 2010, and 2019 American Community Surveys (ACS) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. The descriptive analysis uses both household- and individual-level data to estimate population size and percentages, to explore the diversity among Latino groups in Massachusetts. We report the outcomes for the ten largest Latino populations in Massachusetts, in order of size in 2019, namely, Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, Salvadorans, Guatemalans, Mexicans, Colombians, Hondurans, Cubans, Ecuadorans, and Peruvians. The sociodemographic, educational, and economic characteristics that we focus on include: age, nativity, labor force participation, employment, educational attainment, English proficiency, housing, median household income, and occupational sectors and categories.
This report is a follow-up investigation to the recent report by Mattos, Granberry, & Agarwal which provides a comprehensive analysis of the unique backgrounds and economic struggles of the diverse Latino populations in MA. It presents data points to identify the persisting socioeconomic conditions and challenges faced by the diverse Latino groups in the state, and dives deeper into the issues highlighted in the report related to the composition of the Latino population in Massachusetts.
Agarwal, Vishakha and Granberry, Phillip, "Diversity among Latino Groups in Massachusetts: 1980-2019" (2023). Gastón Institute Publications. 294.