After a decade of relative silence on the issue of land use planning, legislatures in several states are reassessing the relative roles of state and local governments in the management of growth and development. When state governments first addressed the land use issue in the late 1960s and the early 1970s, environmental concerns dominated the debate. During this period a number of states established regulatory mechanisms for bringing certain kinds of development under state review. During the late 1970s and early 1980s there was a hiatus in state-level activity on land use issues. Since 1985, however, the issue has reemerged at the top of the public policy agenda in Florida, Maine, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Vermont. This resurgence has been fueled by broad-based public concern over the effect of rapid growth on quality of life and economic well-being. The result has been a new generation of growth management legislation that employs comprehensive planning at all levels of government as its primary strategy.
Sinclair, Susan M.
"Growth Management in the 1980s: A New Consensus and a Change of Strategy,"
New England Journal of Public Policy:
2, Article 4.
Available at: http://scholarworks.umb.edu/nejpp/vol5/iss2/4