Date of Award
Campus Access Thesis
Master of Science (MS)
The synthesis of organofluorine molecules has become increasingly important in medicinal and agricultural chemistry because fluorinated molecules usually have unique chemical and biological properties. Fluorination can be combined with other chemicals in one-pot synthesis to save reaction time and energy, and to reduce the amount of waste by eliminating the intermediate purification step. The first project discussed in this thesis is the fluorination of β–keto carbonyl with SelectfluorTM followed by the Mannich reaction with anilines and benzaldehydes for the synthesis of α–fluoro and aminomethylated 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds.
Step-economic one-pot reactions, transition metal-free organocatalysis and catalyst recovery are green synthetic techniques. In the second project, one-pot Michael/aza-Henry/lactamization reaction promoted by a recyclable fluorous bifunctional cinchona alkaloid/thiourea organocatalyst was developed for asymmetric synthesis of fluorine-containing 2-piperidinones bearing four stereocenters in good yield and excellent stereoselectivity with up to 99% ee and 15:1 dr.
In the third project, a new one-pot quadruple cascade fluorination/Michael/Michael/aldol sequence for asymmetric synthesis of fluorine-containing polysubstituted cyclohexanes bearing six contiguous stereocenters was developed using the recyclable fluorous organocatalyst. The one-pot reactions gave polysubstituted cyclohexanes in 45-80% yields with up to 99% ee and 20:1 dr. The fluorous-organocatalyst was recovered from the reaction mixture in 94% yield and 98% purity by fluorous solid-phase extraction (F-SPE).
Pham, Kenny, "Synthesis of Fluorinated Compounds by One-Pot Reactions and Asymmetric Organocatalysis" (2016). Graduate Masters Theses. 368.