Date of Award

8-31-2014

Document Type

Campus Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Historical Archaeology

First Advisor

David B. Landon

Second Advisor

Stephen W. Silliman

Third Advisor

Heather B. Trigg

Abstract

This zooarchaeological study examines the recovered faunal remains from five household sites, dating from the early 18th to mid-19th centuries, on the Eastern Pequot reservation in North Stonington, Connecticut. The results of this study indicate the residents' incorporations of European-introduced practices and resources with traditional subsistence practices. Archaeological sites on the Eastern Pequot reservation have yielded a mixture of faunal remains from domesticated and wild species. Over the course of the 18th century, the residents came to rely on European-introduced domesticated animals, off-reservation employment, their connections to the coast, and local trade for English goods, but all the while, into the mid-19th century, archaeological evidence suggests residents continued the use of traditional subsistence practices (such as hunting, shellfish collection, the use of stone tools, and sea fishing). The selection and combination of foodways practices allowed residents to maximize their resources and persist throughout the challenges and hardships that resulted from European colonization.

Comments

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