This article examines the extent to which anti-racist policy development is on the front line of the struggle between the denationalizing forces of global economic integration and the renationalization efforts inherent to the securitization of immigration policies. Sassen (1999) contends that global economic integration has stimulated labor demands and migration patterns that have fostered the transnationalization of immigration policy and provided some protections to immigrants. Jacobson (1996) and Hollifield (1992) have demonstrated global convergence in human rights standards. But national governments have responded to the supra-national influences in anti-racist and minority integration policy development by substituting internal security goals for economic ones in immigration policy changes. The paper suggests that while globalization has stimulated initiatives encouraging greater tolerance of diversity, national securitization efforts have had a detrimental effect on policies aiming at the integration of immigrants in four western post-industrial societies.
Jackson, Pamela Irving and Parke, Roderick
"Globalization and the Secularization of Immigration Policy: Competing Inﬂuences on Immigrant Integration Policy in Germany, France, Britain and the United States,"
Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge: Vol. 4
, Article 15.
Available at: http://scholarworks.umb.edu/humanarchitecture/vol4/iss3/15